Prevention & Education

The American Burn Association reported that 66% of burns occur in the home.

Sadly, most of these burns could have been prevented. Through the effective education of caregivers and children on life-saving fire safety and burn prevention skills, the Children’s Burn Foundation is dedicated to reducing these needless tragedies.

With that goal in mind, we have developed targeted programs that bring critical fire and burn prevention messages and resources to children and their families. Program services include:

  • Careful, That’s Hot!
  • L.A. Troupe Safety Smart

Careful Thats Hot!Careful, That’s Hot!

Two-thirds of children hospitalized for severe burns are under five-years-old. Research shows that more than 80% of burns to children are preventable. The majority of pediatric burns occur primarily at home, in the kitchen and bathroom.

Mindful of these facts, staff at Children’s Burn Foundation helped develop Careful, That’s Hot!, a scald prevention program that teaches parents and caregivers of young children how to prevent burns. It is presented at child-care facilities, Head Start programs and parenting classes in the Los Angeles area.

The success of Careful, That’s Hot! is evident by the changes caregivers make after attending a presentation. The most recent independent evaluation reported that 86% of participants made at least one change in their home to prevent burns. And 100% of respondents reported sharing information that they learned from the program with family and friends.

The program is presented in both English and Spanish. If you are interested in arranging for a presentation of Careful, That’s Hot! at your Los Angeles area location, contact us.

 

LA TroupeL.A. Troupe Safety Smart

“I do not exaggerate when I say that the educational program that you offer may help save the lives of our students.”
– Laurie, Elementary School Teacher

L.A. Troupe Safety Smart is a lively, engaging program that teaches young children life-saving fire safety and burn prevention skills. Children learn to crawl low under smoke, check doors for heat, locate safety spots, test smoke detectors monthly, and to never play with matches.

This highly inventive theatrical group provides innovative, interactive fire safety and prevention performances for elementary school children, kindergarten through 3rd grade, in the Los Angeles Unified School District. Children are entranced by the story of Scatterbrained Wanda, who hopes to make her house “fire safe” for inspection by the fire marshal, Inspector Danger. Using frequent repetition, call outs to the audience, and extensive audience participation, students help Wanda make her home fire-safe while experiencing how to make their own home and families fire-safe.

To schedule L.A. Troupe Safety Smart at your school or to learn more, please contact us.

Prevention

Burns are preventable. High-income countries have made considerable progress in lowering rates of burn deaths, through a combination of prevention strategies and improvements in the care of people affected by burns. Most of these advances in prevention and care have been incompletely applied in low- and middle-income countries. Increased efforts to do so would likely lead to significant reductions in rates of burn-related death and disability.

Prevention strategies should address the hazards for specific burn injuries, education for vulnerable populations and training of communities in first aid. An effective burn prevention plan should be multisectoral and include broad efforts to:
•improve awareness
•develop and enforce effective policy
•describe burden and identify risk factors
•set research priorities with promotion of promising interventions
•provide burn prevention programmes
•strengthen burn care
•strengthen capacities to carry out all of the above.

In addition, there are a number of specific recommendations for individuals, communities and public health officials to reduce burn risk.
•Enclose fires and limit the height of open flames in domestic environments.
•Promote safer cookstoves and less hazardous fuels, and educate regarding loose clothing.
•Apply safety regulations to housing designs and materials, and encourage home inspections.
•Improve the design of cookstoves, particularly with regard to stability and prevention of access by children.
•Lower the temperature in hot water taps.
•Promote fire safety education and the use of smoke detectors, fire sprinklers, and fire-escape systems in homes.
•Promote the introduction of and compliance with industrial safety regulations, and the use of fire-retardant fabrics for children’s sleepwear.
•Avoid smoking in bed and encourage the use of child-resistant lighters.
•Promote legislation mandating the production of fire-safe cigarettes.
•Improve treatment of epilepsy, particularly in developing countries.
•Encourage further development of burn-care systems, including the training of health-care providers in the appropriate triage and management of people with burns.
•Support the development and distribution of fire-retardant aprons to be used while cooking around an open flame or kerosene stove.

First aid

Basic guidance on first aid for burns is provided below.

What to do
•Stop the burning process by removing clothing and irrigating the burns.
•Extinguish flames by allowing the patient to roll on the ground, or by applying a blanket, or by using water or other fire-extinguishing liquids.
•Use cool running water to reduce the temperature of the burn.
•In chemical burns, remove or dilute the chemical agent by irrigating with large volumes of water.
•Wrap the patient in a clean cloth or sheet and transport to the nearest appropriate facility for medical care.

What not to do
•Do not start first aid before ensuring your own safety (switch off electrical current, wear gloves for chemicals etc.)
•Do not apply paste, oil, haldi (turmeric) or raw cotton to the burn.
•Do not apply ice because it deepens the injury.
•Avoid prolonged cooling with water because it will lead to hypothermia.
•Do not open blisters until topical antimicrobials can be applied, such as by a health-care provider.
•Do not apply any material directly to the wound as it might become infected.
•Avoid application of topical medication until the patient has been placed under appropriate medical care.

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